A pretty small DNA match with tester MS led me back to Ohio. When MS and I exchanged emails we noticed there seemed to be a generation missing at about 1800. MS is a descendant of Joshua Rutledge who was born about 1821 and married Abigail Prior in 1842. He was buried in Asbury Chapel Cemetery with other Prior and Rutledge families. My Rutledge families.

I first thought "I must have information on Joshua", but I quickly realized I had no idea who his parents were and neither did MS. My immediate families were all accounted for, so it was time to cast the net wide and try to capture this mystery man.

My first cast was to my fellow cousins, but no one knew who Joshua's parents were. We all had some information, but none of us had bothered to find his parents. Proof that he was not an ancestor of any of my other cousins.

Joshua lived in Muskingum County, Ohio, and on future census records stated he was born in Ohio. He married Abigail Prior in 1842 and lived near the Prior family in Hopewell township.[1] Joshua died in 1887 and was buried in Asbury Chapel Cemetery.

Who was Joshua's father?

There were three Rutledge men in Muskingum county in 1830.[2] William is my third great grandfather. William's (1769-1849) last child was born in 1811. All his children have been accounted for. Elijah and Josiah, the other two Muskingum county men, are his sons.

Elijah was born in 1795 and married Margaret German in August of 1822.[3] He is of the age to have fathered Joshua, but Elijah had no male children that could be Joshua in 1830.[4]

Josiah was born in 1797 and married Anna Winegardner in 1820.[5] In 1830, Josiah had one son under 5 (John W.) and one 5-10 (who has not been named).[6]

In 1840, in Hopewell township, Muskingum county, Josiah and Anna have a son aged 20-30, and another 10-15.[7] Joshua married Abigail in 1842, so this child aged 20-30, could be Joshua.

Josiah's wife, Anna, died in 1850.[8] On the 1850 Perry County, Ohio census Josiah is a farmer with children John W. (21), Sarah E, Susan M, and James H.[9] Next door is Joshua Rutledge with Abigail, Elizabeth A (age 3), and Abraham (4 months).[10]

Josiah married Patience Stiles Prior in 1852.[12] They married in Muskingum County, perhaps where her family lived. Patience was 15 years younger than Josiah and Abigail's sister.[13] Josiah married the sister of his son's wife.

Josiah and Patience are in Perry County in 1860 and 1870.[14] Josiah died in 1872.[15] Patience is living with her daughter Mary in 1880 in Perry County.[16]

I found no probate records for Josiah in Perry county, even though there is a death record there. The Probate Clerk confirmed the lack of records.

Joshua and Abigail named one of their sons Josiah and a daughter Patience, perhaps after his father and Abigail's sister (Joshua's stepmother). [17]

The Perry County Recorder's office found the deed that so far is the only evidence we have of the children of Josiah and Patience Rutledge. Josiah's farm straddled sections 5 and 9 in Madison township.[11] In 1875, the Rutledge Heirs sold the farm to their stepmother, Patience.

Deed Abstract - Rutledge Heirs to Patience Rutledge

18 June 1875

Perry County Ohio, DV 18 page 362

Joshua Rutledge and Abigail, his wife of Muskingum County, Ohio; Isaac F. Lenhart and Marinda E, his wife of Montgomery County, Kansas; John W. Rutledge and Nancy, his wife of Muskingum County, Ohio; Wellington Nisbaum and Susan M, his wife of Hancock County, Ohio; Sarah E. Hammit of Muskingum County, Ohio; James H. Rutledge of Hardin County, Ohio; Calvin Baird and Mary E, his wife of Perry County, Ohio; Zachariah McCammon and Eliza A, his wife of Muskingum County, Ohio.

By themselves and as attorney in fact, were paid $3100 by Patience Rutledge, for a part of the NE quarter of Section 9, township 17, and range 15 contained 33 acres and 25 perches; and 26 acres plus adjoining and lying in the SE quarter of section 4, township 17, range 15, for a total of 61 acres.


My sister and I share 33 cMs total with MS, however, the largest segment is just 8.97 cMs on chromosome 11.[18] Other matches in this area are descendants of William and Mary Rutledge (my 3rd great-grandparents).[19] The probability of MS and I being fourth cousins once removed is 53%.[20]

Conclusion: Based on the above evidence and a DNA match, Joshua Rutledge is the son of Josiah Rutledge and Anna Winegardner.

Welcome Cousin!

[1] Ohio, County Marriage Records, Muskingum County, 1842. Muskingum County Archives. [2] 1830 US Census, Ohio, Muskingum County. [3] St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Baltimore County, Maryland. FHL#14451 AND Ohio, County Marriage Records, Muskingum County, 1822. Muskingum County Archives. [4] 1830 US Census, Muskingum County, Ohio. [5] Tombstone, Asbury Chapel Cemetery, Muskingum County, Ohio and Muskingum County Ohio marriage records, 1820, Muskingum County, Ohio Archives. [6] 1830 US Census, Muskingum County, Ohio [7] 1840 US Census, Muskingum County, Ohio [8] US Federal Mortality Schedule, 1850, Perry County, Ohio. [9] 1850 US Census, Perry County, Ohio. [10] 1850 US Census, Madison township, Perry County, Ohio. p.379. [11] Lake's 1874 Atlas of Perry County. Madison Township, Ohio History Connection. [12] Ohio County Marriages, Muskingum County, Ohio, 1852. [13] 1850 US Census, Muskingum County, Ohio. [14] 1860,1870 US Census. [15] Tombstone, Asbury Chapel Cemetery, Muskingum County, Ohio. [16] 1880 US Census. [17] 1860,1870 US Census. [18] FamilyTreeDNA, match report for Cindy Barber, 3 May 2021. [19] DNA painter profile of Cindy Barber. [20] The Shared cM project 4.0, dnapainter.com. 3 May 2021.

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I've always cast my 'DNA Net' wide because I am trying to find matches to distant cousins, but a few weeks ago something happened that I have not noticed before.

My other siblings have tested and it is not unusual to find a match that only matches one of us. I've come to expect that. But last week a match from Company A DID NOT MATCH ME AT ALL ON COMPANY B'S SITE. That has NEVER happened to me. So, I compared several of the matches and this is what I found.

PR shares 29.2 cMs on one segment with ME at company A. They are not a match at company B.

CB shares 27.6 cMs on one segment at company A and only 21.93 at company B.

CP shares 47.1 cMs on one segment at company A and only 22.55 at company B.

SB shares 37.16 cMs on one segment at company A and only 16.99 at company B.

The match difference to CB was not enough to alarm me, but I wanted to know why PR was not a match at all at company B and the others were roughly half. These are all matches on the same chromosome and are the only segments the testers match on. They are also all well proven cousins to a single family. All the locations reported overlapped with each other.

The difference between the match analysis was with the SNPs reported. Company B reported on roughly half of the number of SNPS that company A reported. The first match or PR, was the lowest number of SNPS reported at company A, so I can only speculate that the total number was below a reporting threshold at company B.

This experience reminded me of two things - SNPs matter and if cMs shared do not seem 'right', check with another company.

If I was only working with Company B, I would not have found this important distant cousin! PR's match placed a previously known, but unconnected group onto my tree and helped me find three other distant cousins!

Cast your DNA net wide!

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John C. Rutledge (bef. 1765 -1828) has been a thorn in my side for many years. It started when other researchers insisted he was the father of my 3rd great grandfather, William Rutledge, who was born about 1769. I easily proved he could not have been William's father (There is an earlier post about that) but who was John C. and why was he living around MY Rutledges in Baltimore County, Maryland?

Over the years I've taken stabs at figuring John C. out, but got nowhere. I knew who his kids were and the name of the wife he had when he died because he named them in his will. But the wife was not the mother of the children. I found no verifiable hints to his parents, first wife or any relationship to my family.

Some of the descendants of John C. have DNA tested and the John C. who has bothered me for years now has parents and known descendants! DNA solved the mystery. John C. is my first cousin five times removed (1C5R). Welcome to the family tree, cousin!

Methodist Minister file

I have only one source that provides evidence of a parent of John C. Rutledge. A listing of the Methodist pastors serving in Pennsylvania and Maryland lists Hugh Doyle, husband of Susannah Rutledge.[1] It notes that Susannah (daughter of John C.) was the first cousin of Joshua Wells Rutledge. Joshua Wells is the son of Thomas Gorsuch Rutledge and grandson of William and Margaret Rutledge. So, to be first cousins, John C. Rutledge must be the son of William and Margaret, too. William is the son of Michael (abt. 1695- ) who married Hannah.

DNA Evidence of John C. Rutledge Genetic Relationship

DNA provides evidence that two of the descendants of John C. Rutledge are third cousins. They both share DNA with descendants of William Rutledge and Ephraim Rutledge (William's brother). I will not go into the details here for privacy reasons, but the genetic relationships are as expected for the amount of centimorgans shared.

Conclusion: John C. Rutledge is probably the son of William and Margaret Rutledge based on the evidence in the Methodist Ministers File and probable genetic relationships.


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